Members of this family are known to have black
or brown spores. They are generally fragile.
Group: Coprinus (Ink Caps)
The most characteristic trait of this group is that the caps or gills melt
away on maturity into a dark black liquid which carries the spores, hence
the common name 'Ink Caps'
Found on June, 2000. Growing from the ground.
Cap: Delicate light tan in colour. The surface is covered in small
white fluffy fibrils that are easily removed by touch. Striate, (has lines
or margins running from the center to the edge).
Stem: Whitish in
colour and relatively hairy at the base near ground level.
Print: Black. Notice the spore
deposit under the cap in the lower picture.
Edibility: Edible but does react with alcohol. Don't eat this
mushroom and drink alcohol within at least 4 days in between.
Coprinus Comatus (Shaggy Maine or Lawyer's
Found in the picnic area at Tangoia Falls on December 15, 2000.
The cap does not open flat like most other mushrooms with gills but remains
cylindrical, and is covered with scales or scale like peelings giving it
it's shaggy appearance.
The stem extends right up to the tip of the fruit body. Enclosed in between
the cap and the stem are the white gills.
This specimen was almost 20cm high and about 5cm in diameter.
Edibility: Very edible & popular.
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more information on this mushroom
Coprinus Disseminatus (Fairies's Bonnets)
Found at Tangoia Falls on December 15, 2000, growing in a large group on a
Cap: Deeply grooved, pale when young turning gray with age.
Gills: Do not melt, pale when young turning black with age.
Spore print: Brown.
Stem: 1.5-4cm tall, white, smooth and fragile. Ring and volva absent.
Edibility: A common mushroom, supposed to be edible but too small to
be of value, however, if it grows in such numbers, It may be worth the shot
for more Photos
Found on July, 2000,
growing from the ground on the road side in Havelock North, but widespread
after heavy rain.
This mushroom looks like C. Atramentarius when young.
The cap however doe not self dissolve at maturity, but the gills
disintegrate gradually leaving a clear cap
which rolls upwards.
Spore print: Black
Click here for
Caps of mushrooms in this group are usually somewhat bell shaped. Spore
print is normally black, (but there are exceptions). They grow from dung or
lawns. The size is usually small but sometimes medium sized.
Found in July, 2000. Growing as a single mushroom amongst the grass. Also
found in groups as in the lower picture.
Cap: Beige to light brown with radial lines extending from the margin
to about half way to the center. Slight 'Umbo' at the apex. Bell shaped.
About 1cm in diameter.
Gills: Brown in colour, attached to the stalk and running down it
slightly. Quite closely packed and deep into the cap.
Spore Print: Black (See below).
Stem: Smooth. 2-3mm thick and about 6cm high. Has no veil or volva.
Edibility: Not edible
This mushroom to has a very elegant glitter when viewed in
Different people react
differently to different mushrooms.
NEVER eat a wild mushroom
without being 100% sure it is safe to do so.